北京赛车历史开奖结果:Statistics South Africa - ◆北京赛车女郎视频◆ //www.m2yf.cn The South Africa I Know, The Home I Understand Thu, 05 Jul 2018 12:32:27 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=4.6 Electricity: Coal use inches lower as solar, wind and diesel rise - ◆北京赛车女郎视频◆ //www.m2yf.cn/?p=11292 //www.m2yf.cn/?p=11292#respond Thu, 05 Jul 2018 12:30:05 +0000 //www.m2yf.cn/?p=11292 read more »
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If you’re curious, take a deeper look at Stats SA’s latest large sample survey of the electricity, gas and water supply industry. The report provides some insight into the current state of electricity generation in South Africa. In particular, highlighting the subtle changes that have occurred in the country’s energy supply.

South Africa is still largely addicted to coal-based electricity. The recently released Electricity, gas and water supply industry report for 20161 shows that this fossil fuel generated 85,7% of the country’s power in 2016, followed by nuclear power (5,2%) and natural gas (3,2%).

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For those hoping for a shift towards cleaner energy, the overwhelming dominance of coal might seem impossible to break. Not only is coal a relatively cheap source of energy, but South Africa has abundant reserves.2 The mineral also contributes to economic growth, having surpassed gold in 2008 as the larger contributor to gross domestic product (GDP). Coal mining was responsible for 1,8% of total value added in 2016, higher than gold (1,3%), but on par with platinum group metals (1,8%).3

There is a sliver of hope in the data, however. The Electricity, gas and water supply industry report shows a slight softening of coal’s dominance and a rise in the influence of solar and wind power. Coal generated 88,3% (or 215?691 GWh) of South Africa’s electricity supply in 2013, falling to the previously mentioned 85,7% (or 203?054 GWh) in 2016.

Solar energy didn’t feature at all in the 2013 figures, but in 2016 it contributed 2?151?GWh to the national grid. Wind power was responsible for producing 18 GWh of electricity in 2013, jumping to 2?126 GWh in 2016. This corresponds with the construction of a number of wind farms over that period, most notably the Jefferys Bay and Cookhouse sites in Eastern Cape.

But what about diesel?

A closer look at the data will uncover another important fact that might dampen any excitement over clean energy: the rise in the use of diesel. The electricity, gas and water supply industry purchased just over 1?336 megalitres of diesel in 2016, primarily used to generate electricity. This is 124% higher than the 596 megalitres of diesel purchased in 2013. This brings to mind Eskom’s reliance on open cycle gas turbines in recent years as a way to sustain electricity supply during periods of high demand.

To put this in perspective, 596 megalitres of diesel would fill up about 238 Olympic-size swimming pools, while 534 swimming pools would be required to store 1?336 megalitres!

This might raise an interesting thought: was the fall in the use of coal a temporary decline due to increased diesel use and the prevalence of other energy sources, or could this be the beginning of a longer-term trend as clean energy starts to make an impact? With the construction of additional wind farms, and government’s recent signing of renewable energy agreements with independent power producers (IPPs),4 the future of clean energy looks hopeful. But only time will tell what impact this will have on South Africa’s energy mix.

1 Download the 2016 Electricity, gas and water supply industry report here. The figures used in this article are from Table 11 and Table 13.

2 South Africa has an estimated 256 years of available coal reserves left. Source: Stats SA, Environmental Economic Accounts Compendium, Table 3.2 (download here).

3 Stats SA, GDP P0441 Annual, quarterly and regional Fourth quarter 2017 (Excel file), Table 10 (download here).

4 Stats SA, Energy and the poor: a municipal breakdown (read here).

Similar articles are available on the Stats SA website and can be accessed here.

For a monthly overview of economic indicators and infographics, catch the latest edition of the Stats Biz newsletter here.

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Stats Biz – June 2018 - ◆北京赛车女郎视频◆ //www.m2yf.cn/?p=11287 //www.m2yf.cn/?p=11287#respond Mon, 02 Jul 2018 13:22:41 +0000 //www.m2yf.cn/?p=11287 Johannesburg, Tshwane, eThekwini and Cape Town contributed 49% to total municipal debt in 2016/17. Together, these four cities have a population of almost 17 million people, making up 30% of South Africa’s total population. Explore municipal debt, as well as other stories, in this edition of Stats Biz.

Download Stats Biz – June 2018

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National government funding allocations: Who are the main beneficiaries? - ◆北京赛车女郎视频◆ //www.m2yf.cn/?p=11277 //www.m2yf.cn/?p=11277#respond Wed, 27 Jun 2018 08:07:36 +0000 //www.m2yf.cn/?p=11277 read more »
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Where does your tax money go after it has entered the state coffers? Recent data provide an overview of how national government distributes money to other levels of government.

Stats SA publishes financial data for the different levels of government (i.e. national, provincial, local, extra-budgetary accounts) and higher education institutions in separate reports throughout the year. These are followed up with a consolidated report in November that provides an overview of net government finances.2

Stats SA’s most recent release of data on national government finances, in the Financial statistics of national government1 report, shows that national government spent a total of R1,33 trillion in 2016/17. This is 4% higher than the R1,28 trillion spent in 2015/16.

The biggest spending item was financial grants. Not to be confused with social grants, financial grants are transfers from one government unit to another government unit, or to an international organisation. Grants are the financial fuel that keeps the wheels of government turning. In 2016/17, national government transferred R764 billion (57% of total spending) in the form of grants to other levels of government and international organisations.

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So, who are the major beneficiaries of national government grants?

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Provincial government received the bulk of grants in 2016/17, almost two-thirds of the R764?billion. This was 6% more than the amount received in 2015/16. This is expected, as the nine provinces are responsible for administering some of the core functions of government (for example, education and health). ?About 14% of the financial grants were transferred to the 257 municipalities. Just over 11% (or R87 billion) was paid to South Africa’s 252 extra-budgetary accounts and funds (8% more than in 2015/16).

R46 billion (6%) was paid to foreign organisations and international institutions. R39 billion of this amount was paid to the Southern African Customs Union (SACU), of which South Africa is a member. The New Development Bank (NDB), established by countries belonging to the BRICS group (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa), received R3,5 billion.

South Africa’s 26 higher education institutions received R28 billion (4%) of national government grant transfers in 2016/17.

1 Download the latest Financial statistics of national government report here.

2 To find out more on the financial situation of the South African government as a whole, you can access a summary here.

Similar articles are available on the Stats SA website and can be accessed here.

For a monthly overview of economic indicators and infographics, catch the latest edition of the Stats Biz newsletter here.

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Four facts about municipal debt - ◆北京赛车女郎视频◆ //www.m2yf.cn/?p=11266 //www.m2yf.cn/?p=11266#respond Tue, 26 Jun 2018 14:13:02 +0000 //www.m2yf.cn/?p=11266 read more »
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Eskom announced earlier this year that it would roll out power cuts to several defaulting municipalities.1 The inability of particular municipalities to honour debt payments has been a thorn in the flesh of local government administration. The following are a few key facts about municipal debt, from Statistics South Africa’s latest Financial census of municipalities (FCM) report.

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Fact 1: Free State municipalities experienced the biggest rise in debt

Total South African municipal debt increased by 6,8% in 2016/17 compared with 2015/16. Municipal debt, which includes monies owed to municipal lenders, suppliers and other creditors, amounted to R225,8 billion in 2016/17, an increase from the R211,4 billion recorded in the previous financial year.

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Municipalities in Free State saw their debt rise by 26,8%, followed by Northern Cape (up 19,3%) and Mpumalanga (up 15,1%). Western Cape and KwaZulu-Natal experienced the lowest increases.

 

Fact 2: Bank loans contribute 5,8% to total debt

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Debt owed to creditors, which include registered suppliers and service providers such as Eskom and the water boards, contributed 43,0% to total municipal debt in 2016/17. The debt for trade creditors is mainly for goods and services purchased on credit. Also included in that amount are credit balances in consumer debtors, amounts received in advance for services still to be rendered, consumer deposits, retentions and accrued interest.

Provisions (contributing 13,1%) largely includes the provision for bad debts, unspent conditional grants (deferred income) and leave pay-outs. Loans from the Development Bank of Southern Africa (DBSA), which are mainly used for infrastructure acquisitions, contributed 10,9%. Retirement benefits contributed 9,8%. This includes pension benefit obligations that are due to municipal employees when they go on retirement.

Bonds contributed 8,1% of the debt pie. Of South Africa’s 257 municipalities, only four metropolitan councils (i.e. Johannesburg, Cape Town, Tshwane and Ekurhuleni) have issued bonds.

Bank loans contributed 5,8%. The four largest commercial banks (i.e. First National Bank, ABSA, Standard Bank and Nedbank) were the major players. The Infrastructure Finance Corporation Limited (INCA) was previously also a notable lender, although it’s no longer granting new loans to municipalities.2

Other payables contributed 18,3%, and this includes Value Added Tax (VAT) due to the South African Revenue Services (SARS), bank overdrafts facilities arranged by banks for municipalities and finance lease obligations.

 

Fact 3: Four metropolitan municipalities are responsible for almost half of total debt

Together, South Africa’s eight metropolitan municipalities contributed almost two-thirds to municipal debt, amounting to R142,2 billion in 2016/17, followed by local municipalities at 32% (or R72,8 billion). District municipalities accounted for the remaining 5% (or R10,8 billion). This is not surprising as most district municipalities provide an administrative role and are not involved in procuring services such as electricity, water, refuse removal and sanitation.

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The metropolitan municipalities of Johannesburg, Tshwane, eThekwini and Cape Town contributed 49% to local government liabilities in 2016/17. Together, these four cities have a population of almost 17 million people, making up 30% of South Africa’s total population.3

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Fact 4: Renosterberg local municipality has the highest debt-to-income ratio

The debt-to-income ratio is the amount of debt divided by annual income. A high debt-to-income ratio can raise the risk profile of a municipality, making it more difficult for a municipality to obtain funding from creditors. It must be noted that the total income for municipalities includes capital transfers or grants that make it slightly higher than operational income (i.e. income received in the form of property rates and service charges). Should these be excluded, the ratios would be slightly higher across the board.

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Municipalities with low debt-to-income ratios (blue and green on the map) are located in predominantly rural provinces such as Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal and Limpopo. Municipalities with high debt levels are scattered across six provinces. Seven municipalities with a debt-to-income ratio higher than 1 are located in Free State. The municipality with the highest debt-to-income ratio is Renosterberg in Northern Cape (6,25).

When interpreting the debt-to-income ratio, one should keep in mind that there are many factors at play, such as the powers and functions that differ across different types of municipalities (as mentioned above), accessibility to finances, cash flows, and the state of the regulatory environment.

Download the latest Financial census of municipalities report here. The data within the report are verified against the annual financial statements received from municipalities as well as data from National Treasury, South African Reserve Bank, Development Bank of South Africa (DBSA), and other relevant publications within or outside Stats SA. Please note that all the figures in this article are expressed in current prices.

 

1 Daily Maverick, Eskom Debt: Power cuts scheduled for municipalities that don’t pay (read here).

2 National Treasury, Municipal borrowing bulletin, Issue 1: June 2016 (download here).

3 Stats SA, Mid-year population estimates, 2017 (download here).

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SA added 56 000 jobs in the first quarter of 2018 - ◆北京赛车女郎视频◆ //www.m2yf.cn/?p=11253 //www.m2yf.cn/?p=11253#respond Tue, 26 Jun 2018 09:33:32 +0000 //www.m2yf.cn/?p=11253 read more »
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The total number of jobs reported in the first quarter showed an increase of 56?000 from the previous quarter, bringing the total number of persons employed in the formal non-agricultural sector to 9?838?000. According to the figures from the Quarterly Employment Statistics (QES) Survey, formal sector jobs rose year-on-year by 74?000 in the first quarter of 2018 when compared with the same period of 2017.

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Job growth surged in the community services industry, which added 67?000 jobs. Construction and manufacturing industries added 12?000 and 9?000 jobs respectively. Moderate gains were also reported in the business services industry with a slight increase of 4?000 jobs in the first quarter.

Job losses were recorded in three of the eight industries surveyed, with the largest decline in the trade industry which shed 26?000 jobs. The mining industry continued on its downward trend for the third consecutive quarter where the latest QES figures indicate 7?000 jobs were lost in the first quarter of 2018. There was a slight loss of 3?000 jobs in the transport industry.

The total amount of gross earnings paid for the quarter was R633 billion. This is a decrease of R26 billion from the previous quarter.

The decreases in earnings were led by community services industry with R8 billion. This was followed by the trade and manufacturing industries, both recording quarterly decreases of approximately R7 billion. The construction industry showed a decrease of R5 billion, the transport industry, a decrease of R3,5 billion and the electricity industry a decrease of R1 billion. There was also a decrease of R305 million in the mining industry.

Gross earnings paid in the business services industry increased by R6 billion.

There was a year-on-year rise in gross earnings by 1,1% from R626 billion to R633 billion when comparing with the same period last year.

Average monthly earnings were measured at R19?858 in the formal non-agricultural sector of the economy in February 2018. This is a -1,0% decrease when compared to November 2017, and an annual increase of 5,0%.

For the full report click here.

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The latest household statistics and more - ◆北京赛车女郎视频◆ //www.m2yf.cn/?p=11241 //www.m2yf.cn/?p=11241#respond Thu, 21 Jun 2018 11:43:52 +0000 //www.m2yf.cn/?p=11241 read more »
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Service delivery protests in South Africa have become a widespread occurrence in recent years. Residents take to the streets in protest against poor services received in their communities, hoping that their voices will be heard and their problems fixed. Communities are raising their voices about issues such as access to electricity, housing, water and sanitation, health, and social security.

Statistics South Africa recently released the General Household Survey report for 2017, which covers all these and other issues that communities face. Let’s have a look at a few of these issues and what the new report reveals.

Housing

Slightly over four-fifths (80,1%) of South African households lived in formal dwellings in 2017, followed by 13,6% in informal dwellings, and 5,5% in traditional dwellings. The highest percentage of households that lived in formal dwellings was observed in Limpopo at 91,7%, while the lowest was the Eastern Cape at 70,4%. Approximately one-fifth of households lived in informal dwellings in North West (19,9%) and Gauteng (19,8%).

At the time of the survey, 13,6% of South African households were living in RDP or state-subsidised dwellings. Some residents raised concerns about the quality of subsidised houses, and 10,2% said that the walls were weak or very weak while 9,9% regarded the roofs of their dwellings as weak or very weak.

Energy/electricity

The percentage of households connected to an electricity supply from the mains has increased from 76,7% in 2002 to 84,4% in 2017. The percentage of households that used electricity for cooking increased from 57,5% in 2002 to 75,9% in 2017.

Water access and use

Although 88,6% of South African households had access to piped water in 2017, only 74,2% of households in Eastern Cape, and 74,7% of households in Limpopo enjoyed such access. This situation does, however, represent a substantial improvement from that of 2002, when only 56,1% of households in Eastern Cape had access to piped water.

Nationally, 63,9% of households rated the quality of water-related services they received as good. Satisfaction has, however, been eroding steadily since 2005, when 76,4% of users rated the services as good. Although household access to water is improving generally, 3,7% of households still had to fetch water from rivers, streams, stagnant water pools and dams, wells and springs in 2017.

Sanitation

Through the provision and the efforts of government, support agencies and existing stakeholders, an additional 20,5% of households in South Africa have access to improved sanitation since 2012. Nationally, the percentage of households without sanitation, or who used the bucket toilet system decreased from 12,6% to 3,1% between 2002 and 2017. Provinces with the lowest access to improved sanitation were Mpumalanga at 67,6% and Limpopo at 58,9%.

Safety is still a concern for households with shared sanitation sites, as almost one-quarter or 23,7% of households expressed concern about poor lighting and 16,3% about inadequate physical safety.

Health

About seven in every ten households reported that they made use of public clinics, hospitals or other public institutions as their first point of access when household members fell ill or got injured. By comparison, a little more than a quarter (27,4%) of households indicated that they would go to private doctors, private clinics or hospitals. Nearly a quarter (23,3%) of South African households had at least one member who belonged to a medical aid scheme. However, a relatively small percentage of individuals in South Africa (16,9%) belonged to a medical aid scheme in 2017.

The latest GHS report also provides information regarding education, refuse removal, social security, telecommunications, agriculture, household assets and income sources, access to food, disability, and transport. For the full report, click here.

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Mbalo Brief – June 2018 - ◆北京赛车女郎视频◆ //www.m2yf.cn/?p=11234 //www.m2yf.cn/?p=11234#respond Mon, 18 Jun 2018 07:37:46 +0000 //www.m2yf.cn/?p=11234 read more »
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The South African Reserve Bank (SARB) will be launching its first commemorative Nelson Mandela banknote series in celebration of the first democratically elected president’s birth centenary. These notes will be issued into circulation by 18 July 2018 and will cover all denominations of R10, R20, R50, R100 and R200. As part of the celebrations, the South African Mint, a subsidiary of the SARB, will also be issuing a new commemorative circulation R5 coin. These commemorative banknotes and R5 coin will co-circulate for a limited time and both sets will remain legal tender.
The educational article for this month’s issue of Mbalo Brief is based on the Marriages and divorces, 2016 release (statistical release P0307). The article presents information on civil marriages, customary marriages and civil unions that were registered in 2016 in the South African national marriage registration system that is maintained by the Department of Home Affairs (DHA).
As usual, included in this issue are our monthly articles such as the Consumer price index (CPI), Selected building statistics of the private sector, Retail trade sales and Tourist accommodation. We have also included a crossword puzzle and solutions for the May 2018 puzzle.

Download Mbalo Brief – June 2018

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Stats Biz – May 2018 - ◆北京赛车女郎视频◆ //www.m2yf.cn/?p=11225 //www.m2yf.cn/?p=11225#respond Tue, 05 Jun 2018 12:31:39 +0000 //www.m2yf.cn/?p=11225 read more »
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Fuel, meat, beer and wine. These are products that have increased the most in price over the last year. South Africa’s consumer inflation rate jumped to 4,5% in April after reaching a seven-year low of 3,8% in March. Explore the list of products that you are now paying more for, as well as other stories, in this edition of Stats Biz.

Download Stats Biz – May 2018

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GDP in the first quarter of 2018 contracted by 2,2% - ◆北京赛车女郎视频◆ //www.m2yf.cn/?p=11209 //www.m2yf.cn/?p=11209#respond Tue, 05 Jun 2018 12:23:57 +0000 //www.m2yf.cn/?p=11209 read more »
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北京赛车历史开奖结果:Press statement???????????????????????? Embargo: Tuesday 5 June 2018, 11:30

 

GDP in the first quarter of 2018 contracted by 2,2%

Gross domestic product (measured by production)

South Africa’s gross domestic product (GDP) fell by 2,2% in the first quarter of 2018.1

The manufacturing industry and the mining and quarrying industry were the largest negative contributors to growth in GDP in the first quarter. The manufacturing industry decreased by 6,4% and contributed -0,8 of a percentage point to GDP growth. Six of the ten manufacturing divisions reported negative growth rates in the first quarter. The largest contributors to the decrease were the the basic iron and steel, non-ferrous metal products, metal products and machinery division and the petroleum, chemical products, rubber and plastic products division.

The mining and quarrying industry contracted by 9,9% and also contributed -0,8 of a percentage point to GDP growth. Decreased production was reported for gold and ‘other’ metal ores, predominantly the platinum group metals and iron ore.

The agriculture, forestry and fishing industry contracted by 24,2% and contributed -0,7 of a percentage point to GDP growth. The decrease was mainly because of a drop in the production of field crops and horticultural products.

In contrast, general government grew by 1,8% and contributed 0,3 of a percentage point to GDP growth, and finance, real estate and business services grew by 1,1% and contributed 0,2 of a percentage point to GDP growth.

 

Expenditure on GDP2

Expenditure on real gross domestic product fell by 2,5% in the first quarter of 2018.

Household final consumption expenditure increased by 1,5% in the first quarter, contributing 0,9 of a percentage point to total growth. The main positive contributors to growth in HFCE were expenditures in the ‘other’ category3 (5,9% and contributing 0,7 of a percentage point), furnishings, household equipment and maintenance (6,1% and contributing 0,5 of a percentage point) and housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels (2,9% and contributing 0,4 of a percentage point).

 

  1. Unless otherwise specified, growth rates are quarter-on-quarter, seasonally adjusted and annualised. All growth rates are calculated on the basis of series at constant price The GDP estimates are preliminary and may be revised.
  2. The figures showing growth in expenditure on GDP exclude the residual, calculated as the difference between GDP measured by production and the sum of the expenditure components. For more detail see Table 30 on the Stats SA website.
  3. Given the sources used to estimate HFCE, spending by non-residents in South Africa needs to be deducted from HFC Hence, a decrease in non-residents’ expenditure increases the ‘other’ component of HFCE and makes a positive contribution to the HFCE growth rate.

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Final ?consumption ?expenditure ?by ?general ?government ?increased ?by ?1,2% ?reflecting ?an ?increase ?in employment numbers.

Gross ?fixed capital formation ?decreased by 3,2%. ?The main? contributors ?to ?the ?decline ?were ?activities associated with construction works, machinery and other equipment4 and residential buildings

There was a build-up of inventories of R11,6 billion in the first quarter of 2018. Large inventory build-ups were reported for the manufacturing and electricity, gas and water industries.

Net exports contributed negatively to growth in expenditure on GDP. Exports of goods and services were down 16,5%, largely influenced by declining trade in base metals and articles of base metals and mineral products.

Imports of goods and services decreased by 6,5%, driven largely by a drop in imports of machinery and electrical equipment and vehicles and transport equipment.

 

Media enquiries:????????????????????? Technical enquiries:

 

Trevor Oosterwyk??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ?? Michael Manamela

Chief Director: Communications?????????????????????????????????? ? ? Chief Director: National Accounts

trevoro@www.m2yf.cn??????????????????????????????????????????????????? michaelm@www.m2yf.cn

012 310 4687 / 082 908 9104?????????????? ????????????????????????????012 310 8520 / 082 888 2205

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  • Machinery and other equipment includes computers and related equipment.
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Economy disappoints in Q1 2018, contracting by 2,2% - ◆北京赛车女郎视频◆ //www.m2yf.cn/?p=11202 //www.m2yf.cn/?p=11202#respond Tue, 05 Jun 2018 09:32:39 +0000 //www.m2yf.cn/?p=11202 read more »
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After growing by 3,1% in the fourth quarter of 2017, the South Africa economy wobbled in the first quarter of 2018, shrinking by 2,2% quarter-on-quarter (seasonally adjusted and annualised). Agriculture, mining and manufacturing were the main contributors to the slowdown, with the electricity, construction and trade industries also recording negative growth.

The 2,2% fall is the largest quarter-on-quarter decline since the first quarter of 2009. In that quarter, the economy contracted by 6,1%.1

After recording four consecutive quarters of robust growth in 2017, the agriculture industry lost ground in the first quarter of 2018, contracting by 24,2%, the largest quarter-on-quarter fall since the second quarter of 2006.

Agriculture’s relatively strong performance in 2017 is one of the positive factors that helped keep the economy afloat in 2017. This momentum failed to carry through to 2018, with decreased production in field crops and horticultural products contributing to the decline in the first quarter.

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Mining entered into recession with its second consecutive quarter of economic decline. Production was down 9,9% in the first quarter of 2018, following on from a decrease of 4,4% in the fourth quarter of 2017. Lower production in gold, platinum group metals and iron ore were the main contributors to falling performance.

Manufacturing also failed to make a positive contribution to economic growth, falling by 6,4%. The decline was driven largely by a fall in production of petroleum and chemical products, as well as basic iron and steel.

The trade, construction and electricity industries also recorded negative growth in the first quarter of 2018 compared with the fourth quarter of 2017. Trade activity fell by 3,1%, on the back of weaker wholesale, retail and motor trade sales and lower activity in catering and accommodation.

The construction industry continued to contract, experiencing its fifth consecutive quarter of decline. The industry has lost R1,7 billion in value since the fourth quarter of 2016, falling from R110 billion to R108 billion in the first quarter of 2018 (constant 2010 prices, annualised).

Economic activity in transport, finance, personal services and government increased in the first quarter of 2018. The 1,8% rise in general government was mostly related to increased employment numbers in the public sector.

For more information, download the latest GDP report and media presentation here.

1 Unless otherwise stated, growth rates are quarter-on-quarter, seasonally adjusted and annualised, and in real (volume) terms.

Similar articles are available on the Stats SA website and can be accessed 北京赛车女郎视频.

For a monthly overview of economic indicators and infographics, catch the latest edition of the Stats Biz newsletter here.

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